How to Get Rid of Spiders Home Remedies and Chemical Treatments

Seeking ways how to get rid of spiders? Here are some of the best methods to eliminate them and prevent them from returning to your property.
Phyllis McMahon
Phyllis McMahon
Research Writer
Phyllis teaches English Literature at a local college and loves writing in her free time. She’s also a great cook – her British beef Wellington is something the best res read more
Reviewed By
Chas Kempf
Chas Kempf
Expert Consultant
Chas works in a professional pest control company and knows all the nuances of this job. Also, he’s a fantastic tennis player and loves to organize BBQ parties for his fam read more
Last updated: August 12, 2023
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Are you nearly at your wits’ end when it comes to spiders around your house? Do you wish they’d go away on their own, only for you to realize that they’ll probably stay there unless you remove them? Are you or someone in your household terrified of them? If you answered yes to either of them, then learning how to get rid of spiders might be for you.

Let’s face it: no one wants to live in a house full of spiders. Sure, they eat pesky, intruding insects for us, but we don’t want to see our house covered in cobwebs everywhere. We don’t want them to bite us either, especially if they’re venomous. If you’re ready to rid your house of these creepy crawlers, continue reading.

Common Species of Spiders

There are a lot spider species in the world, but only a few regularly make their way into our homes. Here’s an overview of some of the common spider species:

Brown Recluse

How to Get Rid of Spiders Home Remedies and Chemical TreatmentsAs the name suggests, these spiders are usually brown in color. They like to hide in dry and dark places such as closets, piles of wood, basements, and other typically undisturbed areas – hence the name. However, they tend to bite when disturbed; keep this information in mind when planning how to get rid of brown recluse spiders.

Wolf Spider

How to Get Rid of Spiders Home Remedies and Chemical TreatmentsThough the name may sound scary, they are not venomous; there’s no need to panic about how to get rid of wolf spiders. However, they tend to grow on the larger side; their body can grow up to an inch. They normally live underground or underneath piles of rocks and wood; in theory, they shouldn’t make it inside your house. However, if you usually bring firewood inside for your fireplace, there’s a chance you have a hitchhiker.

American House Spider

How to Get Rid of Spiders Home Remedies and Chemical TreatmentsAnother aptly-named spider, the American House Spider is what you would typically find inside your house. If you’ve ever seen a random spider at the corner of a wall or near your window, there’s a high chance it was this spider. They’re typically not venomous, but a bite from one may cause slight irritation. As long as you keep your house clean and tidy, these critters shouldn’t bother you too much.

Joro Spider

How to Get Rid of Spiders Home Remedies and Chemical TreatmentsOne of the larger spiders in this list, the Joro spider is relatively new to the US. It was first spotted in Georgia in 2013 and was suspected to have hitched a ride on shipping containers from East Asia, where it originated. These spiders are hard to miss – they have bright yellow and orange markings on their legs and a red marking on their underside. They’re also large; recent photos depict them as large as an adult human’s hand.

Yellow Sac Spider

How to Get Rid of Spiders Home Remedies and Chemical TreatmentsHere’s another aptly-named, mildly venomous spider. Thankfully, they’re nocturnal and normally live outdoors, but they could make their way inside your house if you like to bring plants indoors. These critters are small, only growing up to ¼ of an inch, and are colored bright yellow. It’s hard to confuse this spider with something else.

Black Widow

How to Get Rid of Spiders Home Remedies and Chemical TreatmentsThis name should make you nervous, and not just because the Sun’s getting real low. It’s because this spider is highly venomous. And with four species living in the US, it’s enough to keep you on edge.

Thankfully, it has a distinct appearance; you’ll know it’s a Black Widow as soon as you see it. The spider is black and hairless, with a red hourglass marking on its abdomen. They like to live in dark, quiet spaces.

Jumping Spider

How to Get Rid of Spiders Home Remedies and Chemical TreatmentsIf you’ve ever witnessed a tiny, fuzzy spider leap, you’ve seen a Jumping Spider. They are about ⅛ inches long and can appear quite colorful, at least for males. They don’t normally spin webs because they live underneath dead leaves; they also use their incredible jumping ability to catch their prey during the day. There are about 4000 different kinds of jumping spiders in the world.

Daddy Long Legs

How to Get Rid of Spiders Home Remedies and Chemical TreatmentsAlso known as a Cellar Spider, Daddy Long Legs are one of the easiest spiders to recognize. All you have to do is look at their legs, and you’ll be able to determine what it is. Their legs are typically about three to four times longer than their body. They are commonly found throughout North America and are normally brownish in color. They like to live where it’s quiet, such as your basement.

Grass Spiders

How to Get Rid of Spiders Home Remedies and Chemical TreatmentsAnother outdoor spider, Grass Spiders prefer to live on grass or plant leaves. They build their webs on greenery and trap passing insects into their funnel web. They are primarily brown, but they do have two black stripes running along their back.

What to Do When You See a Spider

There are two possible reactions whenever a person sees a spider: scream and run away from terror; or grab something to squish and kill it. While this is an understandable course of action, spiders can help rid us of other intrusive insects as the eight-legged creatures primarily feed on them.

What isn’t alright, however, is when spiders take refuge and multiply inside our homes. Some species, such as Daddy Long Legs, are more of a nuisance in large numbers than others. However, if you have an infestation of venomous species such as Brown Recluse, that’s a bigger problem.

Here are a few tips for how to get rid of spiders in your house.

How to Get Rid of Spiders

Take a break before you freak out at the presence of spiders in your home. That’s because you have a lot of tools at your disposal, most of which are natural and chemical-free. Knowing how to get rid of spiders in the house without chemicals saves your health in the long run and gives you a leg up against creepy crawlers. Let’s explore the best ways of how to get rid of spiders in the basement or elsewhere in your house.

1. Essential Oils as Spider Repellent

How to Get Rid of Spiders Home Remedies and Chemical TreatmentsUsing essential oils is your best bet if you want to know how to get rid of spiders naturally. Peppermint oil, in particular, was scientifically proven to drive spiders away. You can also use strong-smelling oils such as lavender oil or cinnamon oil. As an additional benefit, using these oils as a spider repellent inside your house will also leave your home smelling wonderful. If you are planning to include this solution when thinking about how to get rid of spiders in the car, make sure the solution won’t damage any surfaces.

It’s easy to create your homemade spider repellent. All you have to do is dilute 15-20 drops of the essential oil of your choice in water. Then, transfer the mixture into a spray bottle, preferably glass. Spray it directly around your house – corners of walls, along your window, around your door, and even on wall cracks. Reapply every few days to maintain effectiveness.

This method should always be at the top when considering how to get rid of spiders with home remedies. It’s inexpensive, easy to make, and completely non-toxic. And if you don’t have the time or tools to create your spray, you can always purchase a bottle of natural spider repellent online.

2. White Vinegar for Killing Spiders

How to Get Rid of Spiders Home Remedies and Chemical TreatmentsAlmost every household has a bottle of white vinegar, reserved either for cleaning or cooking. White vinegar is also effective against spiders regardless of how you use it. Simply mix equal parts water and vinegar into a spray bottle, then spray away. The vinegar’s acidity will kill the spider on contact.

The main downside to this method is the potential vinegar smell that might linger around your house. Even though the vinegar is diluted, it might still leave your home smelling quite sour. Feel free to use this as a method of how to get rid of spiders outside.

3. Spider Traps

How to Get Rid of Spiders Home Remedies and Chemical TreatmentsIf you’re scared of being around spiders or dealing with a venomous one, you can use a spider trap instead. Glue-based traps attract spiders with enticing scents, while the surface has a powerful adhesive that traps the spiders permanently. If you leave the trap in your house for a few days, you might even find other unwanted critters you never knew you had.

Make sure you dispose of the spent trap after every few days or when it’s full. The last thing you need is another scavenging insect entering your house to feast on dead spiders.

If you don’t want the sight of numerous spiders and other dead insects in close proximity to each other, have someone else handle it for you.

Depending on and the scale of your infestation, you’ll likely use more than one trap at a time. Thankfully, online retailers sell non-toxic traps for indoor use in multiple packages. This is a good step when planning how to get rid of spiders in an apartment.

4. Poison Foggers for Spiders

How to Get Rid of Spiders Home Remedies and Chemical TreatmentsAre you ready to rely on pesticide companies’ decades of experience and the EPA’s approval? Tired of anecdotes when reading about how to get rid of house spiders? If so, then what you want is one of the best foggers for spiders.

Foggers work by spraying a fine mist over an area. That mist contains droplets of poison, which either work on contact or acts as a barrier to deter spiders from returning. Some products can only be used indoors, some outdoors, and some can even work on both. It’s probably unwise to use foggers when planning how to get rid of spiders on outdoor plants, however.

5. Outdoor Spider Sprays

If your spider problem involves venomous outdoor spiders such as black widows, consider using one of the best outdoor spider sprays that we reviewed earlier. You should not risk yourself getting bit; a black widow’s bite can make you ill. As such, you don’t want to be dawdling around with homemade sprays. Use a proven spray to kill outdoor spiders quickly.

How to Get Rid of Venomous Spiders: Safety Tips

Approaching venomous spiders requires extra care when getting rid of them. After all, you don’t want to get bit. Here are some tips for you when dealing with these types of spiders:

  • Wear protective clothing whenever you’re working near their webs. At minimum, wear a thick pair of gloves. Protect your limbs as well by minimizing exposure. Wear closed-toe shoes, work jeans, and long sleeves.
  • Even with gloves and shoes, never put your hand or foot directly on their web or around their dwelling spot. You don’t want them crawling up your clothes and going somewhere they shouldn’t be.
  • Make note of the type of spider you’ll be dealing with. This information will be helpful later in case of a bite.

Getting Professional Help

There comes the point when your homemade attempts to eliminate spiders will no longer work. If this is the case, you likely have a heavier infestation than initially thought. It’s time to call in the professionals, especially if you’re dealing with a venomous spider. They know how to get rid of black widow spiders, for example.

Professional exterminators will examine your spider problem and identify where else they could be hiding. They will also pinpoint the reason why spiders are in your house in the first place, which is likely to be an unknown infestation of another insect. Once they figure out your problem, they will apply various poisons and repellents to rid your house of spiders. They can even teach you how to get rid of spider eggs.

How to Prevent the Spider Problem

How to Get Rid of Spiders Home Remedies and Chemical TreatmentsNow that you know how to get rid of spiders, it’s time to ensure they never come back again. Here are some precautionary steps you can take to protect yourself from a spider reinfestation:

  • Vacuum often – A clean house gives no room for spiders to live in. You can use the vacuum to get rid of stray webs, or you can use it to make sure there are no insects hitchhiking their way in your home. You don’t want spiders to think you have more food for them.
  • Avoid clutter – Little nooks and crannies give spiders an opportunity to live uninterrupted. Random piles of leaves and wood can also attract unwanted outdoor spiders. Keep things organized so no unintended guests can cause problems for you later.
  • Seal and caulk wall cracks – Insects and spiders alike can use wall cracks as an entrance; as such, you should seal them as soon as you can. The less entrances a spider has, the better your chances are of keeping away from you.
  • Treat your property with natural repellents – A homemade peppermint oil spray doesn’t cost a lot to make, so treat the inside and outside of your house with it. Not only will it make your property smell good, but it will also keep unwelcome pests out of your home.

How to Treat Spider Bites

Did a spider bite you while you were trying to spray it, and you’re not sure whether the spider was venomous or not? Keep calm and follow these steps:

  • Immediately wash the affected area with soap and water.
  • Apply a cold compress to reduce the swelling.
  • If you can, raise the bite area.
  • If you’re starting to feel ill, seek medical attention immediately. If you know what kind of spider it was, make sure you inform your health provider the kind of spider that bit you.

Final Thoughts

Even though spiders are technically helpful, we don’t want them living inside our house. Now that you know how to get rid of spiders, you should be able to protect your home from further infestation. You have a plethora of choices: natural remedies, commercial foggers, and professional extermination. And remember that spiders taking refuge inside the house is indicative of another problem.

On the other hand, we don’t want certain spiders anywhere near our home, either. Black Widows and Brown Recluses should never be allowed in your property because of their venomous bites. As long as you’re diligent in applying preventive measures around your home, you shouldn’t have to worry too much about these eight-legged creatures.

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